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Confederate (CSV)


Joseph Terrell Cosby

(1827 - 1919)

Home State: Virginia

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 23rd Virginia Infantry

Before Sharpsburg

In 1860 he was a 33 year old farmer at Fredericks Hall in the northern part of Louisa County, VA. He enlisted there as a Private in Company G, 23rd Virginia Infantry on 24 April 1861. He was missing after the battle at Carrick's Ford, VA in July 1861. In July 1862 his slave Abram (20) "escaped to the enemy" in Louisa County.

On the Campaign

He was wounded and captured in action at Sharpsburg on 17 September 1862.

The rest of the War

He was paroled at Sharpsburg on 27 September and returned to duty about May 1863. He was captured at Spotsylvania Court House, VA on 12 May 1864 and was sent to Fort Delaware. He was released on 19 June 1865 after taking an oath of allegiance.

After the War

By 1870 and to at least 1880 he was a laborer on his parent's farm in Louisa County. In 1900 he was working the place with his sister Mary Virginia and by 1910 with his nephew Thomas Hancock Cosby (son of his brother Charles).

References & notes

His service from Rankin1 and his Compiled Service Records.2 Personal details from family genealogists, Runaway Slaves Records, 1794, 1806-1863 in the Library of Virginia, Richmond, and the US Census of 1860-1910.


04/23/1827; Louisa County, VA


03/12/1919; Cuckoo, VA


1   Rankin, Thomas M., 23rd Virginia Infantry, Lynchburg: H.E. Howard, Inc., 1985  [AotW citation 27953]

2   US War Department, Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, Record Group No. 109 (War Department Collection of Confederate Records), Washington DC: US National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), 1903-1927  [AotW citation 27954]