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Federal (USV)


John Pax

(1840 - 1900)

Home State: New York

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 21st New York Infantry

Before Antietam

Age 21, he enlisted in Buffalo, NY on 1 May 1861 to serve two years, and mustered in on 20 May as a Private in Company A, 21st New York Infantry.

On the Campaign

He was wounded by a gunshot to his right leg in action at Antietam on 17 September 1862.

The rest of the War

He was admitted to a US Army hospital in the City Hotel in Frederick, MD on 27 September 1862 and returned to duty on 2 December. He mustered out with his Company on 18 May 1863 in Buffalo.

After the War

By 1875 and to at least 1880 he was was a saloonkeeper in Buffalo, NY.

References & notes

His service from the Adjutant General1 with Antietam wound detail from the Chronicles.2 Hospital detail from the Patient List.3 Personal details from family genealogists, one of whom has his birth in 1844, the New York State Census of 1875, and the US Census of 1880. His gravesite is on Findagrave.

He married Francisca Fehringer (1845-1938) in September 1864 and they had 4 children.


12/24/1840; Alsace, FRANCE


01/01/1900; burial in United German and French Cemetery, Cheektowaga, NY


1   State of New York, Adjutant-General, Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York [year]: Registers of the [units], 43 Volumes, Albany: James B. Lyon, State Printer, 1893-1905, For the Year 1899, Ser. No. 20, pg. 293  [AotW citation 28146]

2   Mills, John Harrison, and 21st Regiment Veteran Association of Buffalo, Chronicles of the Twenty-first Regiment New York State Volunteers, Buffalo: 21st Reg't. Veteran Association of Buffalo, 1887, pg. 293  [AotW citation 28147]

3   National Museum of Civil War Medicine, and Terry Reimer, Frederick Patient List, Published 2018, first accessed 17 September 2018, <>, Source page: patient #189  [AotW citation 28155]