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Federal (USV)


Wilder Van Tine

(1835 - 1862)

Home State: New York

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 21st New York Infantry

Before Antietam

In 1858 he'd paid a $25 fine for assault & battery in Erie County and in 1860 he was a 25 year old farmer on his parent's place in Clarence, Erie County, NY. He enlisted in Buffalo on 12 November 1861 to serve two years, and mustered in the same day as a Private in Company E, 21st New York Infantry.

On the Campaign

He was mortally wounded in the right side, shot through both lungs, in action at Antietam on 17 September 1862.

The rest of the War

He was treated at the "Stone House" field hospital on the Samuel Poffenberger farm near the battlefield, then was admitted to the US Army hospital in the German Reformed Church in Frederick, MD on 1 October 1862. He was discharged on 4 November, arrived home on the 8th, and died of his wounds there on 10 November 1862.

References & notes

His service from the Adjutant General,1 who says only that he was discharged for disability, with the pointer to the fatal nature of his Antietam wound from the Chronicles.2 Hospital details from the Patient List,3 as Wilder Vandine, and Nelson.4 Personal details from family genealogists, the Proceedings of the Erie County Legislature (1858), the pension file for his orphaned son (via fold3), and the US Census of 1860.

He married Anna West (1840-1861) in June 1860 and they had a son William West Van Tine (1861-1928); Anna died 5 months after his birth.


01/06/1835; Clarence, NY


11/10/1862; Clarence Center, NY; burial in Fillmore Cemetery, Clarence, NY


1   State of New York, Adjutant-General, Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York [year]: Registers of the [units], 43 Volumes, Albany: James B. Lyon, State Printer, 1893-1905, For the Year 1899, Ser. No. 20, pg. 299  [AotW citation 28186]

2   Mills, John Harrison, and 21st Regiment Veteran Association of Buffalo, Chronicles of the Twenty-first Regiment New York State Volunteers, Buffalo: 21st Reg't. Veteran Association of Buffalo, 1887, pg. 294  [AotW citation 28187]

3   National Museum of Civil War Medicine, and Terry Reimer, Frederick Patient List, Published 2018, first accessed 17 September 2018, <>, Source page: patient #81  [AotW citation 28188]

4   Nelson, John H., As Grain Falls Before the Reaper: The Federal Hospital Sites and Identified Federal Casualties at Antietam, Hagerstown: John H. Nelson, 2004, pg. 423  [AotW citation 28189]