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Federal (USV)


Gottfried Heinrich Theodor Ferdinand Axt

(1835 - ?)

Home State: New York

Education: New York University Medical College, Class of 1866

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 20th New York Infantry

Before Antietam

He enlisted on 3 May 1861 in New York City as a Private in Company G, 20th New York Infantry. He was appointed Acting Hospital Steward in September 1861.

On the Campaign

He was Acting Hospital Steward and with his regiment on South Mountain and at Antietam in September 1862.

The rest of the War

He was assigned as Hospital Steward to the Artillery Brigade to at least May 1863 and mustered out with the 20th New York on 1 June 1863 in New York City. He was appointed Acting Assistant Surgeon, US Volunteers in May 1864 and served at the 9th Corps Hospital at City Point, VA to at least February 1865.

After the War

He graduated from the New York medical school in 1866 and was commissioned Acting Assistant Surgeon, US Army in June 1867 and Assistant Surgeon on 9 October 1867. He served in California and Nevada until he resigned his commission on 1 February 1870.

He was the subject of Congressional legislation "for the relief of Doctor Ferdinand Axt" in 1882, presumably authorizing a pension.

References & notes

Basic service information from the New York Adjutant General,1 as Ferdinand Axt, and Heitman,2 as Godfrey Henry Theodore Ferdinand Axt. His presence on the Maryland Campaign and other details from Henry.3 He's also seen in orders as G. H. T. Ferdinand Axt. Personal details from his 7 January 1870 US passport application, online from and the General Alumni Catalogue of New York University, 1833-1907 (1908).

He was naturalized an American Citizen in February 1865.


11/24/1835; Koenigsee, Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, GERMANY


1   State of New York, Adjutant-General, Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York [year]: Registers of the [units], 43 Volumes, Albany: James B. Lyon, State Printer, 1893-1905, For the Year 1899, Ser. No. 20, pg. 4  [AotW citation 28644]

2   Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, Vol. 1, pg. 177  [AotW citation 28645]

3   Henry, Guy Vernor, Military Record of Civilian Appointments in the United States Army, 2 Volumes, New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1873, Vol. 1, pg. 54  [AotW citation 28646]