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Federal (USA)

Assistant Surgeon

John William Severin Gouley

(1832 - 1920)

Home State: New York

Education: College of Physicians, City of New York, Class of 1853

Command Billet: Medical Director

Branch of Service: Medical

Unit: Fifth Corps Artillery Reserve

Before Antietam

He was Visiting Surgeon at Bellevue Hospital in Brooklyn from 1859. He was appointed Assistant Surgeon, US Army on 28 May 1861. He was on hospital duty to February 1862, then assigned to the (Fifth Corps) Artillery Reserve.

On the Campaign

He Colonel Hays' Medical Director on the Maryland Campaign of 1862.

The rest of the War

He was a surgeon at the Lincoln General Hospital in Washington, DC to January 1863, then in charge of the Army General Hospital in Central Park, New York City. He resigned his commission on 18 February 1864.

After the War

He was again Visiting Surgeon at Bellevue to 1898, and consulting surgeon there from 1900. He taught anatomy at the Vermont Medical College and at the University of the City of New York and was a noted urologist and inventor of a number of specialized medical instruments.

References & notes

His service from Heitman1 and Henry.2 His presence and role in Maryland from Col. Hays' after-action Report. Personal details from family genealogists, his bio sketch in the United States Deceased Physician File (AMA), 1864-1968, via the Family Search database, and his obituary in the New York Times of 28 April 1920. His gravesite is on Findagrave.


03/11/1832; New Orleans, LA


04/26/1920; Brooklyn, NY; burial in Old Saint Raymond's Cemetery, Bronx, NY


1   Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, Vol. 1, pg. 466  [AotW citation 28650]

2   Henry, Guy Vernor, Military Record of Civilian Appointments in the United States Army, 2 Volumes, New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1873, Vol. 1, pg. 77  [AotW citation 28651]