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Federal (USV)


Artemas Chapel

(1824 - 1868)

Home State: Nebraska

Education: Columbia College (1847), College of Physicians and Surgeons (NY, 1851)

Command Billet: Medical Director

Branch of Service: Medical

Unit: 1st Division, 12th Corps

Before Antietam

A doctor's son, in 1860 he was a 36 year old physician in Omaha, NE. He was appointed Surgeon, US Volunteers on 1 May 1862. By August 1862 at Manassas he was Medical Director of General Alpheus Williams' Division in the Twelfth Army Corps.

On the Campaign

He was Medical Director of the First Division, Twelfth Army Corps on the Maryland Campaign of September 1862.

The rest of the War

He was still Division Medical Director at Gettysburg, PA in July 1863, but by October 1864 was Surgeon in charge of the West's Buildings Hospital in Baltimore. He was honored by brevet to Lieutenant Colonel of Volunteers on 13 March 1865 for his war service and mustered out on 1 October 1865.

After the War

In 1865 he was still a physician in Baltimore, but by 1866 he was a partner in Drake, Chapel & Company, commission merchants in Chicago. He died there of Bright's Disease in 1868, age 44.

References & notes

His service dates from Heitman1 with his role in Maryland and other details from Duncan,2 both as Artemus Chapel. Personal details from family genealogists, the US Census of 1860, the Catalogue of the Alumni, Officers and Fellows (College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1880), City Directories of Baltimore (1865-66) and Chicago (1866), and his death notice in the Chicago Tribune of 20 November 1868. His gravesite is on Findagrave.

He married Cornelia Maria White (1832-1899) in 1855 in Chicago, IL and they had three sons; only the youngest, Charles (1865-1930) lived into adulthood.


04/01/1824; East Avon, NY


11/18/1868; Chicago, IL; burial in Congressional Cemetery, Washington, DC


1   Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, Vol. 1, pg. 295  [AotW citation 28800]

2   Duncan, Louis C., and Captain, Medical Corps, US Army, The Medical Department of the United States Army in the Civil War: unpublished collection, c. 1916, pp. 29, 45, 55  [AotW citation 28801]