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Federal (USA)


Robert Hugh Montgomery

(1838 - 1905)

Home State: Pennsylvania

Branch of Service: Cavalry

Unit: 5th United States Cavalry

Before Antietam

Age 22, he enlisted in New York City on 6 August 1860 as a Private in Company C, 2nd United States Cavalry (re-designated 5th US in August 1861) and was promoted to Corporal and Sergeant.

On the Campaign

He was First Sergeant of Company C at Antietam on 17 September 1862.

The rest of the War

He was appointed 2nd Lieutenant on 29 November 1862. He was captured on picket near Elk Run, VA in October 1863 and exchanged on May 1864. He had been dismissed on 19 November 1863 but was reinstated on 16 February 1865 and promoted to First Lieutenant on 25 April. He was honored by brevets to First Lieutenant and Captain for war service.

After the War

He continued in the Army, serving as regimental Quartermaster from August 1865 through the end of 1866, then as Adjutant to 12 July 1869. He was promoted to Captain on 3 January 1870 and was brevetted Major for action agains Indians in Arizona in 1872 and 1874. He was in Nebraska in 1880 and was appointed Major, 10th US Cavalry on 8 March 1891 and retired on 8 April 1892. By 1900 he was living in Washington, DC (still listed as an Army officer).

References & notes

His service from the Registers,1 Heitman,2 and Henry.3 Personal details from family genealogists and the US Census of 1880 and 1900. His gravesite is on Findagrave.

He married Julia Ann McKelden (1849-1914) in January 1870 in Washington, DC and they had a daughter Alice (1870-1872).


04/16/1838; Philadelphia, PA


09/19/1905; Washington, DC; burial in Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA


1   US Army, Registers of Enlistments in the United States Army, 1798-1914, Washington, DC: National Archives, 1956, Vol. 142, pg. 494  [AotW citation 28851]

2   Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, Vol. 1, pg. 720  [AotW citation 28852]

3   Henry, Guy Vernor, Military Record of Civilian Appointments in the United States Army, 2 Volumes, New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1873, Vol. 1, pp. 171-172  [AotW citation 28853]