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Federal (USA)


Randolph Vessey Monteith

(c. 1830 - 1886)

Home State: New York

Branch of Service: Artillery

Unit: 3rd United States Artillery, Batteries C and G

Before Antietam

He enlisted in New York City under the name Robert McLean as a Private in Battery L, 2nd United States Artillery on 11 February 1847, transferred to Battery A, then reenlisted, under his own name in Baltimore in June 1852 in Company D, First US Dragoons. He was promoted to Sergeant and reenlisted, at Calabasas, NM in April 1857, but was discharged for disability in July 1858, by then again a Private. He enlisted again, in July 1860, in Battery H, 3rd US Artillery, and was a Private in the garrison at San Francisco by August that year. He was First Sergeant, Battery C by September 1862.

On the Campaign

He was with the combined Batteries C and G, 3rd US Artillery on the Maryland Campaign of September 1862 and was afterward mentioned by Captain Gibson "as worthy of commendation and reward."

The rest of the War

He was Sergeant Major of the regiment by April 1864 when he was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, 2nd US Artillery. He was promoted to First Lieutenant on 7 February 1865 but resigned his commission on 21 November 1865.

After the War

He enlisted once again, as a Private in Company E, 12th US Infantry on 7 June 1869 and was advanced to Commissary Sergeant, but

was recently tried here by General Court Martial on charge of falsifying official returns, has been found guilty and sentenced to be dishonorably discharged from the service [on 10 August 1879].
He was a day laborer in Pacific County, WA in 1880.

References & notes

His service from the Registers,1 Heitman,2 as Randolph Vessy Montieth, and Henry.3. His role at Antietam from Captain Gibson's after-action report. The quote above from the Vancouver Independent of 14 August 1879. Personal details from family genealogists and the US Census of 1860 and 1880.

He married Lenora "Lena" Small (1838-1888) in 1853 at Carlisle, PA and they had 2 children. He married again, Catherine/Katherine Crinion (1847-1924) in August 1865 in Baltimore, MD and they had as many as 8 more.


c. 1830; New York City, NY




1   US Army, Registers of Enlistments in the United States Army, 1798-1914, Washington, DC: National Archives, 1956, Vol. 46, pg. 185; Vol. 49, pg. 285; etc.  [AotW citation 28890]

2   Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, Vol. 1, pg. 720  [AotW citation 28891]

3   Henry, Guy Vernor, Military Record of Civilian Appointments in the United States Army, 2 Volumes, New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1873, Vol. 2, pg. 151  [AotW citation 28892]