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A.J. Bellows

A.J. Bellows

Federal (USA)


Alonzo J. Bellows

(1820 - ?)

Home State: Massachusetts

Command Billet: Commanding Company

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 14th United States Infantry, First Battalion

Before Antietam

A 20 year old farmer from Boston, he enlisted there as a Private in Company H of the 2nd United States Dragoons on 18 September 1841 and was discharged at the end of his 5 year term in September 1846. Almost 10 years later he enlisted in the 2nd US Dragoons again, in New York City on 7 January 1856, as a Private in Company F. In 1860 he was at Fort Laramie, Nebraska Territory, and was a Private at Fort Leavenworth, KS on 7 January 1861 at the end of his term. On 1 August he enlisted for the third time, in Boston, in the 2nd Battalion, 14th US Infantry and was appointed First Sergeant, Company D. On 20 (or 25) November 1861 he was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant.

On the Campaign

He commanded Company D of the First Battalion, 14th US Infantry on the Maryland Campaign and was promoted to First Lieutenant to date from 17 September 1862.

The rest of the War

He resigned his commission on 28 September 1865.

References & notes

His service from the Registers 1 and Heitman.2 His role at Antietam from Captain Brown's after-action Report. Personal details from family genealogists, at least one having his birth in South Hadley, MA, and the US Census of 1860, at which he joking (?) gave his birth as Prussia. His picture from a group photograph of officers of the 14th US Infantry in camp near Alexandria, VA in March 1862.


10/23/1820; Boston, MA


1   US Army, Registers of Enlistments in the United States Army, 1798-1914, Washington, DC: National Archives, 1956, Vol. 043, pg. 12; V. 051/8; V. 141/58  [AotW citation 29159]

2   Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, Vol. 1, pg. 209  [AotW citation 29160]