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J. D. Cox

J. D. Cox

Federal (USA)

Brigadier General

Jacob Dolson Cox

(1828 - 1900)

Home State: Ohio

Education: Oberlin College, Class of 1851

Command Billet: Commanding Division

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: Kanawha Division, 9th Corps


see his Battle Report

Before Antietam

His parents were natives of the United States, but at the time of his birth were temporarily sojourning in Canada. He was an educator (Oberlin), lawyer, and politician: after leaving college he studied the law and was admitted to the bar in 1853. In 1859-'61 he was a member of the state senate.

In April 1861 he was commissioned Brigadier General of OH state troops and in May 1861 Brigadier General of Volunteers. He then served in Western VA with his "Brigade of the Kanawha."

On the Campaign

In command of the Kanawha Division of the Ninth Army Corps, and nominally the Ninth Corps itself, though that was Burnside's in fact.

The rest of the War

In October 1862 he was promoted to Major General of Volunteers but his commission expired as there was an excess of generals. He commanded the District of OH then the 3rd Division/23rd Corps in the Atlanta campaign and at the battles of Franklin and Nashville.

After the War

Before he left the service, he was elected governor of Ohio. He was governor for a year, but did not win reelection. Cox became Secretary of the Interior in 1868 under President Grant, in which position he supported civil service reforms. After resigning his position in 1870 because of difficulties with the President, he returned to his law practice.

In October 1873 he was elected president of the Wabash railroad, and moved to Toledo to take charge of his new work. In 1876 he was elected representative to Congress, where he served from 15 October, 1877, till 3 March, 1879.

References & notes

His bio details from Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson and John Fiske. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889.


10/27/1828; Montreal, CANADA


08/04/1900; Gloucester, MA