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E. A. Carman

E. A. Carman

Federal (USV)


Ezra Ayres Carman

(1834 - 1909)

Home State: New Jersey

Education: Western Military Institute (KY), Class of 1855

Command Billet: Commanding Regiment

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 13th New Jersey Infantry


see his Battle Report

Before Antietam

After graduation from the Western Military Institute—which became the University of Nashville—in 1855, he taught mathematics and earned a Master's degree.

He volunteered for service at Newark, NJ on 3 Sept 1861, and was appointed Lt. Colonel of the 7th NJ Infantry. He was wounded at Williamsburg, Virginia on 5 May 1862.

He was discharged at Newark on 8 Jul 1862 to take command of 13th NJ. He served as Colonel of the Regiment from 5 August 1862 to 5 June 1865.

On the Campaign

He was in command of the 13th NJ, part of the the Federal 12th Corps' attack from the North and East Woods on the morning of 17 September.

After the War

From 1871 to 1875 he was Comptroller of Jersey City, New Jersey. From 1877 to 1885 he was Chief Clerk of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

He served on the Antietam Battlefield Board from 1894 to 1898 and he is acknowledged as probably the leading authority on the battle. It was his work which carefully documented the positions and movements of all the combat units on the field.

From 1905 until his death in 1909 he served as Chairman of the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Commission.

References & notes

Image above from the USAMHI1; service details from Heitman 2 and most bio facts from Carman 3

More on the Web

See the Atlas of the battlefield of Antietam, at the Library of Congress - largely Col. Carman's work.

See also a more complete biographical sketch of the Colonel, part of the finding aid to a collection of his papers at the New Jersey Historical Society, Newark.


02/27/1834; Metuchen, NJ


12/25/1909; Washington, DC; burial in Arlington National Cemetery, VA


1   US Army, Military History Institute (USAMHI), American Civil War (ACW) photographs, Military History Institute Photograph Database, Published c. 1998, first accessed 01 January 2005, <>, Source page: Image# RG98S-CWP22.49  [AotW citation 58]

2   Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, pg. 283  [AotW citation 59]

3   Carman, George, Ezra Ayres Carman, Carman Genealogy Home Page, Published c. 2003, first accessed 01 January 2003, <>  [AotW citation 60]