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J.W. Andrews

J.W. Andrews

Federal (USV)


John William Andrews

(1814 - 1881)

Home State: Delaware

Command Billet: Commanding Regiment

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 1st Delaware Infantry


see his Battle Report

Before Antietam

THE FIRST TROOP OF DELAWARE DRAGOONS was formed in 1844 with the following officers: Captain, Richard H. Bayard; First Lieutenant, John W. Andrews; Second Lieutenant, Richard B. Gilpin; Surgeon, James W. Thomson, M.D.; Assistant Surgeon, J.T. Cardeza, M.D. This was an excellent military organization. John W. Andrews became captain in 1845.
. By 1861 he was a 50 year old farmer in Wilmington. He was commissioned Lieutenant Colonel of the First Delaware Infantry for 3 months service in April 1861. He enrolled as Colonel of the First Regiment for 3 years service on 17 September 1861.

On the Campaign

He commanded the Regiment in Maryland, and took command of the Brigade after General Weber was wounded at Antietam on 17 September 1862.

The rest of the War

He may have been wounded at Fredericksburg, VA in December, and resigned his commission on a Surgeon's Certificate of Disability on 5 February 1863.

References & notes

Service information from the Regimental Muster Roll.1. The quote about the Dragoons from Scharf2. Life dates from his gravesite on Findagrave. His original, handwritten Official Report on the 1st Delaware at Antietam is in the Delaware Public Archives. His picture here from a CDV in the Abraham Lincoln Library and Museum, now at Lincoln Memorial University, Harrogate, TN. Thanks to Alphonso Laporte for the pointer to it.


06/04/1814; Bordeaux, FRANCE


08/24/1881; Wilmington, DE; burial in Old Swedes Churchyard, Wilmington, DE


1   State of Delaware, Adjutant General's Office, Civil War Military records for Delaware Units, Published 1861-, first accessed 31 January 2015, <>, Source page: Muster Roll, First Delaware Infantry  [AotW citation 13674]

2   Scharf, Thomas J., History of Delaware, 1609-1888, 2 Vols., Philadelphia: L.J. Richards & Co., 1888, Vol. 2, pg. 816  [AotW citation 13675]