(1816 - 1894)
Home State: Virginia
Education: US Military Academy, West Point, NY, Class of 1837
Command Billet: Brigade Commander
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: Early's Brigade
see his Battle Report
Graduated from USMA in 1837. Saw service in Seminole and Mexican Wars. Later was a lawyer and politician. In 1861 he was made Col. of (VA) state forces, and in May, Colonel of the 24th Virginia Regiment: he fought it at Blackburn's Ford and First Manassas. In July 1861 made Brigadier General, then commanded Early's Brigade/D H Hill's Division in the Peninsula campaign, and at Williamsburg (where he was wounded); commanded Elzey's Brigade/Ewell's Division at Malvern Hill, Cedar Mountain, and Second Manassas.
On the Campaign
In command of Early's (Elzey's) Brigade/Ewell's Division in Jackson's Command and then relieved the wounded Brigadier General Alexander R. Lawton in command of the Division.
The rest of the War
He commanded Ewell's Divn/II Corps at Fredericksburg, and in January 1863 was promoted to Major General; fought at Chancellorsville, then commanded Early's Division/II Corps at Gettysburg and the Wilderness. In May 1864 he was again promoted, to LGen., and led his Division at the battles of Cold Harbor and Monocacy. During his 1864 raid into the North (which was met at the battle of Monocacy) he burned Chambersburg, PA. He then saw action at Fisher's Hill, Winchester, Cedar Creek, and Waynesborough.
After the War
Fled to Mexico later returned and practiced law, wrote memoirs, and was a lottery supervisor.
References & notes
His picture from a photograph at the Library of Congress. His gravesite is on Findagrave.
11/03/1816; Franklin County, VA
03/02/1994; Lynchburg, VA; burial in Spring Hill Cemetery, Lynchburg, VA