(1817 - 1872)
Home State: Virginia
Education: US Military Academy, West Point, NY, Class of 1840
Command Billet: CO, Division (convalesing)
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: Ewell's Division
He graduated from the USMA in 1840, served in the Mexican War, and resigned his commision in May 1861. He was made LCol. of Virginia forces, and staff Colonel in the Confederate Army. In June 1861 he was commissioned Brigadier General, and commanded the 2nd Brigade at First Manassas. In January 1862 he was promoted to Major General, and then commanded Ewell's Division in Jackson's Shenandoah Valley campaign, at the Seven Days, and at Second Manassas (lost a leg at Groveton).
On the Campaign
Ewell is included here only for information, he was not present at the battle. He had lost a leg in the fighting at Groveton (2nd Manassas) and was still recovering in September 1862. His division was commanded in his absence by Brigadier General Alexander R. Lawton (who was wounded in the battle), then Brigadier General Jubal A. Early.
The rest of the War
In May 1863 he was appointed LGen. in command of the Second (II) Corps and fought at Gettysburg the Wilderness and Spotsylvania. He retired due to poor health but was in the Richmond defences and at Sayler's Creek (captured).
After the War
Post War Career: Farmer.
References & notes
Note: There is some considerable controversy about his not taking Cemetery Hill (at Gettysburg) on July 1, 1863. The suggestion is that had Jackson been there instead of Ewell, things would/may have been different. One of the classic "what-if" scenarios of Civil War studies.
1817; Washington, DC