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Confederate (CSV)


Henry Clay Baker

(1843 - 1862)

Home State: North Carolina

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 30th North Carolina Infantry

Before Sharpsburg

An 18 year old worker on his father's farm in Moore County, he mustered as Private, Company H, 30th North Carolina Infantry on 26 April 1862 in Moore County.

On the Campaign

He was mortally wounded in action on 14 September 1862 at Fox's Gap on South Mountain by a gunshot which destroyed most of his lower jaw.

The rest of the War

He was treated at a US Army hospital in Frederick, MD, but died there on 17 December 1862 of "exhaustion and inanition" (exhaustion caused by lack of nourishment).

After the War

He was originally buried "on west side of and in the cemetery [Mt. Olivet] at Frederick" and probably reinterred at Hagerstown in about 1874.

References & notes

Burial information from Pruett1. Service from the Roster,2 which says he was born in Moore County. Wound and hospital details from the Patient List,3 which has him in Company F, and the MSHWR.4 Personal details from family genealogists and the US Census of 1850 and 1860. He has two stones in Mt. Olivet (via Findagrave) and may still be there. His jawbone is in the collection of the National Museum of Health and Medicine, Silver Spring, MD.

His story and that jawbone were featured in an episode of the History Detectives television series (S2, E7) in 2004.


1843; Chatham County, NC


12/17/1862; Frederick, MD; burial in Washington Confederate Cemetery, Hagerstown, MD


1   Pruett, Samuel, and Poffenberger & Good, Greg Farino and Western Maryland Regional Library (WMRL), Washington Confederate Cemetery, possible burials, Hagerstown (MD): WHILBR, 2010  [AotW citation 4547]

2   Manarin, Louis H., and Weymouth Tyree Jordan, Matthew M Brown, Michael W Coffey, North Carolina Troops, 1861-1865 : A Roster, 20 Volumes +, Raleigh: North Carolina State Department of Archives and History, 1966-  [AotW citation 19362]

3   National Museum of Civil War Medicine, and Terry Reimer, Frederick Patient List, Published 2018, first accessed 17 September 2018, <>, Source page: patient #1.164  [AotW citation 19363]

4   Barnes, Joseph K., and US Army, Office of the Surgeon General, The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion, 6 books, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1870, Vol. 2, Part 1, pg. 356  [AotW citation 19364]