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S. Garland

S. Garland

Confederate (CSA)

Brigadier General

Samuel Garland Jr.

(1830 - 1862)

Home State: Virginia

Education: Virginia Military Institute, University of Virginia (Law), Class of 1849;Class Rank: 3/24

Command Billet: Brigade Commander

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: Garland's Brigade

Before Sharpsburg

A former student at Randolph Macon College, he was a graduate of VMI (1849) and the University of Virginia Law School (1851). He was a lawyer in practice with his father, and an instructor in constitutional law at Lynchburg College before the War. After John Brown's 1859 raid on Harpers Ferry he organized and was elected Captain of the Lynchburg Home Guard militia.

In April 1861 he and his company became part of the 11th Virginia Regiment. He was made Colonel, serving in command at First Manassas, Dranesville, and Willliamsburg, were he was wounded, but remained on the field. In May 1862 he was appointed Brigadier General and commanded Garland's Brigade of D. H. Hill's Division at Seven Pines, the Seven Days, and in the Second Manassas campaign.

On the Campaign

In command of Garland's Brigade/D. H. Hill's Division, he was killed while leading his Brigade in the defense of Fox's Gap on South Mountain on 14 September 1862.

After the War

A monument to him was dedicated at Fox's Gap, Maryland on 11 September 1993.

References & notes

Source: Summary biography from the VMI Archives online, who also host a fine painted portrait.

More on the Web

See the 1860 photograph of Garland in his Virginia Militia uniform, from which the above image is taken, along with Garland's 1861 commission as Colonel in the Virginia Volunteer Forces from an exhibit at the VMI Archives.


12/16/1830; Lynchburg, VA


09/14/1862; Fox's Gap, MD; burial in Presbyterian Cemetery, Lynchburg, VA