(1839 - 1886)
Home State: New York
Education: US Military Academy, West Point, NY, Class of 1861;Class Rank: 12th
Command Billet: Battery Commander
Branch of Service: Artillery
see his Battle Report
After graduating from West Point he was appointed 2nd Lieutenant, 2nd US Artillery on 6 May 1861, and he was promoted to First Lieutenant about a week later. He was with Battery G of the First US Artillery in action at First Bull Run, VA in July and was assigned to Battery E of the 2nd Artillery by the end of the year.
On the Campaign
He commanded the battery in Maryland.
The rest of the War
He was promoted to Captain on 13 June 1864 and was later honored by brevet to Major for gallantry at Spotsylvania Court House, VA on 12 May 1864, where he was severely wounded. He returned to duty in September and was assigned as Assistant Professor of mathematics at the USMA to August 1865. He was given a second brevet, to Lieutenant Colonel, for his war service. In 1877 he was awarded the Medal of Honor for "particularly distinguished service as an artillery officer" through the war.
After the War
He continued in Regular Army service in California, at West Point again (1866-68), and at the Artillery School at Fort Monroe, VA (1869-75). He was appointed Major and Assistant Adjutant General (AAG) on 3 Mar 1875 and was in staff posts in Washington, DC and Arizona. He died relatively young, age 47, while on duty at Governor's Island, NY.
References & notes
More on the Web
See much more about Benjamin's artillery service from an excellent post by Jim Rosebrock on South by the North Woods, source also of his picture, from a c. 1861 photograph of him in USMA Cadet uniform.
01/03/1839; Manhattan, NY
05/15/1886; Governor's Island, NY; burial in Saint Philip's Church Cemetery, Garrison, NY
1 Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, Vol. 1 [AotW citation 26171]
2 Cullum, George Washington, Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the US Military Academy, 2nd Edition, 3 vols., New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1868-79, Vol. II, pp. 781-782 [AotW citation 26172]