(c. 1833 - 1862)
Home State: South Carolina
Branch of Service: Infantry
From York County, of Scots-Irish stock, he enlisted about 29 November 1861 in Company F, 17th South Carolina Infantry.
On the Campaign
He was mortally wounded by gunshot to the left thigh and abdomen, and was captured in action at Sharpsburg on 17 September 1862.
The rest of the War
The gunshot had broken his left thigh bone, gone through his bladder, and lodged in the lower right part of his pelvic bone. He was treated at a field hospital on or near the battlefield and paroled on 3 October, then admitted to US Army General Hospital #1 in Frederick, MD on 9 October, but he died of wounds there on 15 October. He was originally busried "along the west side and in [Mt Olivet] cemetery at Frederick [Maryland]" and possibly reinterred at Hagerstown in about 1874.
References & notes
Original cemetery and basic unit information from the Mt Olivet burial list.1 Medical and death details from his case in the MSHWR 2 as J. P. Cavanagh. Burial quote and relocation to Hagerstown from Pruitt3 as J. P. Conough, Company I. The Roll 4 has him as John Cavery. Personal details from family genealogists. His memorials at Hagerstown and Frederick are on Findagrave.
His Compiled Service Records via fold3 have him as Sergeant J.P. Cavenaugh and J.P. Caveny, and one document says he died of a gunshot at Frederick on 14 March 1862. His father, listed as R.C. Caveny, applied for his final pay in February 1863. Federal death reports from the Frederick Hospital have him as J.P. Cavanagh and J.P. Cavanaugh. His parole has him as Sergeant.
More on the Web
See more about his grandfather John Caveny (-1853), his father, Robert Crawford Caveny (1808-1890), and his father's in-laws the Crawfords, as grave stone cutters in York County, SC, from UNC graduate researcher (2014) Christine Wilkie.
10/15/1862; Frederick, MD; burial in Washington Confederate Cemetery, Hagerstown, MD
1 Farino, Greg, and J. Ronald Pearcey, superintendent, Confederate Soldiers buried in Mount Olivet Cemetery, Frederick, Hagerstown (MD): WHILBR, 2010 [AotW citation 5070]
2 Barnes, Joseph K., and US Army, Office of the Surgeon General, The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion, 6 books, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1870, Volume 2, Part 2, pg. 295 [AotW citation 21495]
3 Pruett, Samuel, and Poffenberger & Good, Greg Farino and Western Maryland Regional Library (WMRL), Washington Confederate Cemetery, possible burials, Hagerstown (MD): WHILBR, 2010 [AotW citation 4625]
4 Thomas, John P., and and previous SC Historians of the Confederate Records, Confederate Rolls of South Carolina, Columbia: Historian of Confederate Records, 1898, Company F, Seventeenth Regiment Infantry [AotW citation 22091]