(1813 - 1899)
Home State: South Carolina
Education: University of North Carolina, Class of 1832
Branch of Service: Infantry
A lawyer and state legislator (1840-42, 48-51) in North Carolina, he moved to Rock Hill (York County), South Carolina in 1856. He was Captain, Company H, then elected Major of the Twelfth Infantry in August 1861, shortly after the regiment was organized. He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel in April 1862.
On the Campaign
He succeeded to command of the regiment after Colonel Barnes was mortally wounded in action at Sharpsburg on 17 September. He was appointed Colonel 10 days after the battle.
The rest of the War
He led the regiment at Fredericksburg in December, but resigned his commission soon afterward - in February 1863 - on account of ill health. He was replaced in command by Colonel John L. Miller.
After the War
He served in the State Senate in 1864 and 1865, and was then a farmer.
References & notes
Service details from Caldwell1, who spells his name "Cadwalader". Additional bio information from Colonels2. His gravesite is on Findagrave.
His wife was Annie Isabella Iredell Jones, daughter of North Carolina governor James Iredell. His son Cadwallader, Jr. (b. 1843) also served in the Twelfth, rising to the rank of Captain.
08/17/1813; Halifax, NC
12/01/1899; Columbia, SC; burial in Elmwood Cemetery, Columbia, SC
1 Caldwell, James Fitz James, The History of a Brigade of South Carolinians, known first as "Gregg's" and subsequently as "McGowan's Brigade", Marietta (Ga): Continental Book Co., 1866, pp. 12, 53, 72 [AotW citation 970]
2 Allardice, Bruce S., Confederate Colonels, Columbia (Mo): University of Missouri Press, 2008, pg. 218 [AotW citation 971]