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Confederate (CSV)


Solon Alexander Durham

(1838 - 1899)

Home State: North Carolina

Education: Furman University

Command Billet: Commanding Regiment

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 23rd South Carolina Infantry


see his Battle Report

Before Sharpsburg

From Shelby, NC, he studied the law and was assistant US District Attorney for western North Carolina about 1859. He enrolled as First Lieutenant, Company H, 23rd South Carolina Infantry about 1 November 1861 and was promoted Captain at the reorganization in Spring 1862. At 2nd Manassas on 30 August 1862 Colonel Benbow and Lieutenant Colonel Roberts were wounded, Major Whilden was killed, and senior Captain Murden was wounded and captured. Command at that point devolved on Captain Durham of Company H, who led the Regiment into the Maryland Campaign.

On the Campaign

Captain Durham, in his report, stated -

"Having been wounded in the fight of Sunday, the 14th, I was not able to command the regiment the whole of Wednesday, and left it in charge of Lieutenant E. R. White."

The rest of the War

He was wounded again, at Goldsboro, NC on 31 December 1862 and disabled for further field service. He was promoted to Major in the CSA Regular Army and transferred back to South Carolina as an enrolling officer.

After the War

By 1880 he was a commercial merchant in Marion, SC.

References & notes

His service from the Roll 1 and the index to his Compiled Service Records via the Historical Data Systems database. Personal details from the US Census for 1880 and family genealogists, especially J.D. Evans' History of Nathaniel Evans of Cat Fish Creek (1905), which also has a good post-war portrait photograph [online]. His gravesite is on Findagrave.

He married Annie Maria Moody (1843-1862) and they had a daughter Annie Lillian (1861-1928). He married again, Margaret Ellen Evans (1842-1906) in about 1864, and they had 6 children.


11/22/1838 in NC


08/01/1899; Marion, SC; burial in Old Town Cemetery, Marion, SC


1   Thomas, John P., and and previous SC Historians of the Confederate Records, Confederate Rolls of South Carolina, Columbia: Historian of Confederate Records, 1898, Roll of Company H, 23rd Reg't Inf, South Carolina Vols.  [AotW citation 25003]