(1831 - 1879)
Home State: Texas
Education: US Military Academy, West Point, NY, Class of 1853
Command Billet: Commanding Division
Branch of Service: Cavalry
Unit: Hood's Division
see his Battle Report
Class of 1853 at the USMA, he saw frontier duty with the US 2nd Cavalry, and resigned in April 1861. His first CSA commission was as a 1st Lt. of cavalry, on recruitment duty, and he also saw action at Yorktown. In May 1862 he was appointed BGen. and had command of the Texas Brigade serving under G W Smith in the Peninsula campaign. He led Hood's Brigade in Whiting's Division at Seven Days, and in Evans' Division at Second Manassas.
On the Campaign
Commanded Hood's Division in Longstreet's Command. His division's attack thru the Cornfield early in the morning broke and pushed back the initial Federal I Corps assaults.
The rest of the War
In (Sept ?) October 1862 he was promoted to MGen. and commanded Hood's Divn/Longstreet's Corps at the battles of Fredericksburg, Gettysburg (w - lost arm), and Chickamauga (w - lost leg). In February 1864 he was appointed LGen. and commanded Hood's Corps in the Atlanta campaign. He reportedly schemed to replace Johnston, and was ordered to replace Johnston at Atlanta with the temporary rank of (full)General, and fought at Jonesboro, Franklin, and Nashville. In January 1865 he was relieved at his own request.
After the War
An unsuccessful businessman he wrote his memoirs and died of yellow fever in New Orleans on August 30 1879. With a reputation as a brave but rash fighter he is considered to have performed very well in subordinate roles but not as an army commander.
More on the Web
See a site dedicated to John Bell Hood, and also, America's Civil War magazine published an amusing article about Hood's romantic misfortunes.
6/1/1831; Owensville, KY
8/30/1879; New Orleans, Louisiana