site logo
[no picture yet]

[no picture yet]

Federal (USV)


Arminius S. Round

(1836 - 1890)

Home State: New York

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 34th New York Infantry

Before Antietam

He was hired out as a farm laborer at age 14, and farmed and went to school in the winters until he was 20 years old. Over the next three years he farmed and taught school in Michigan, Kansas, Illinois, Missouri, and Tennessee. He finally settled on a farm in Whiteside County, IL, in 1859.

At the start of the war he returned to New York and enlisted, by then age 25, on 1 May 1861 in Herkimer, and mustered as Corporal, Company G, 34th New York Infantry on 15 June. He was promoted to Sergeant, date not given, and First Sergeant on 1 May 1862.

On the Campaign

He was wounded by a gunshot through his right shoulder or lung and by a canister ball through his left leg in action in or near the West Woods at Antietam on 17 September 1862.

The rest of the War

He was treated in a field hospital on the Hoffman Farm near Sharpsburg. He rejoined the regiment early in 1863 and was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant of Company E on 22 January. He mustered out with them in June 1863 at the end of their term of service.

He enlisted again, on 1 January 1864 in Winfield, NY, and mustered as Private, Company L, 2nd New York Heavy Artillery on 12 January. He was promoted to Sergeant on 29 February, commissioned 2nd Lieutenant of Company M on 8 July 1864, and appointed First Lieutenant on 30 November. He was promoted to Captain of Company B on 7 December 1864 and mustered out with them on 29 September 1865 in Washington, DC.

After the War

He returned to Illinois and bought a farm in Fenton Township, Whiteside County which he worked for about 25 years until his death there at age 53.

References & notes

Service information from the State of New York,1 which has him as Amineas S. and Arminus S. Rounds. He is also seen in some records as Armineus. His artillery service also in the Register2. Wound and hospital details from Nelson.3 His gravesite is on Findagrave, source also of details from a bio sketch in the Chapman Brothers' Portrait and Biographical Album of Whiteside County, Illinois (1885, pp. 764-766).

He married Helen J. Adams (1844-1900) in December 1866 and they had 6 children, two of whom died in infancy.


02/23/1836; Richfield, NY


01/22/1890; Fenton, IL; burial in Lyndon Cemetery, Lyndon, IL


1   State of New York, Adjutant-General, Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York [year]: Registers of the [units], 43 Volumes, Albany: James B. Lyon, State Printer, 1893-1905, For the Year 1900, Ser. No. 22, pg. 254; For 1896, Vol. 2, pg. 943  [AotW citation 8334]

2   US Army, Adjutant General, Official Army Register of the Volunteer Forces, U. S. Army, 8 vols., Washington, DC: Adjutant General's Office, 1867, Part II, pg. 361  [AotW citation 8351]

3   Nelson, John H., As Grain Falls Before the Reaper: The Federal Hospital Sites and Identified Federal Casualties at Antietam, Hagerstown: John H. Nelson, 2004, pg. 371  [AotW citation 25966]