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Federal (USV)


James Martin Runyan

(1842 - 1920)

Home State: New York

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 59th New York Infantry

Before Antietam

About age 20, he enlisted in New London, OH and mustered as Private, Company H, 59th New York Infantry on 15 March 1862.

On the Campaign

He was wounded in the right thigh in action at Antietam on 17 September 1862.

The rest of the War

He was treated at the Sherman House field hospital near the battlefield, where his leg was amputated at mid-thigh, then was transferred to the Smoketown Hospital on 17 October. His stump had healed by 20 January 1863 and dead bone [#1041] was removed on 14 March. He was discharged for wounds on 4 May 1863.

After the War

He was given a Federal pension for his total disability. He was a resident of the Soldier's Home at Sandusky, OH at his death at age 79.

References & notes

Basic information from State of New York1. Wound and hospital details from Nelson2 and Otis,3 who has him as 16 years old. Personal details from family genealogists. His gravesite is on Findagrave. Thanks to the Pry House Museum for the pointer to his medical details.


12/11/1842; New London, OH


12/22/1920; Sandusky, OH; burial in Grove Street Cemetery, New London, OH


1   State of New York, Adjutant-General, Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York [year]: Registers of the [units], 43 Volumes, Albany: James B. Lyon, State Printer, 1893-1905, Issue 26 (for 1900)  [AotW citation 8792]

2   Nelson, John H., As Grain Falls Before the Reaper: The Federal Hospital Sites and Identified Federal Casualties at Antietam, Hagerstown: John H. Nelson, 2004, pg. 373  [AotW citation 21841]

3   Otis, George Alexander (curator), and John H. Brinton (collecter), William Bell (photographer), Photographs of Surgical Cases and Specimens, 8 Volumes, Washington DC: US Army, Office of the Surgeon General, 1865, Vol. V, photo #243  [AotW citation 21842]