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Federal (USA)


Joseph Herzog

(c. 1827 - 1862)

Home State: Pennsylvania

Branch of Service: Artillery

Unit: 4th United States Artillery, Battery B

Before Antietam

A 28 year old tailor, he enlisted on 19 May 1855 in Philadelphia as a Private in Battery B of the 4th United States Artillery and reenlisted on 19 March 1860 at Camp Floyd, Utah, still a Private. In July 1860 he was with the Battery in Ruby Valley, Utah Territory, and he was seriously wounded in a fight with Indians on 11 August 1860 at Eagan's (or Egan's) Canyon, UT. He was a Private in the Battery as it joined the Army of the Potomac in 1861 and was promoted to Sergeant, date not given.

On the Campaign

He was mortally wounded "in the bowels" (or leg) in action on 17 September 1862 at Antietam.

He suffered much and when lying in the hospital, took his pistol and deliberately blew his brains out.

References & notes

His service from Buell1 and the Registers.2 Some details from the US Census of 1860. The quote above from Gibbon;3 thanks to Sharon Murray for the pointer to that.


c. 1827; Colmar, FRANCE


09/17/1862; Sharpsburg, MD


1   Buell, Augustus, The Cannoneer: Recollections of Service in the Army of the Potomac, Washington: The National Tribune Company, 1890, pp. 18 - 20, 34 - 35, 42, 395  [AotW citation 10475]

2   US Army, Registers of Enlistments in the United States Army, 1798-1914, Washington, DC: National Archives, 1956, Vol. 051, pg. 247; Vol. 142, pg. 322  [AotW citation 27434]

3   Gibbon, John, Personal Recollections of the Civil War, New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1928, pg. 85  [AotW citation 27435]