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Federal Regiment

109th Pennsylvania Infantry


Commanding Officer on the Antietam Campaign:
  Capt. George E. Seymour


This Regiment's Chain of Command:
  Army - Army of the Potomac
  Corps - Twelfth Army Corps
  Division - 2nd Division, 12th Corps
  Brigade - 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Corps

Unit history

Early in December, 1861, recruiting for this regiment was commenced, under the direction of Henry J. Stainrook, a citizen of Chester county. Headquarters and barracks were established on Chestnut street, Philadelphia, opposite the State House, and with the exception of two companies, the regiment was recruited in that city. It was organized with the following field officers, their commissions dating from November 8th, 1861: Henry J. Stainrook, Colonel; Charles I. Harris, Lieutenant Colonel; William A. Gray, Major .

On the Antietam Campaign

Captain Seymour leading the regiment, it marched through Washington and entered on the Maryland campaign, reaching Frederick on the 13th [September]. In the battles of South Mountain and Antietam the One Hundred and Ninth did not actively engage, being still held for duty with the trains (detached from the Brigade on 9 September).1

References & Notes

Source: Bates, Samuel P., History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-65, Harrisburg, 1868-1871.; Extracted online at the Pennsylvania in the Civil War site.

We have one individual in the AotW database who was on the Maryland Campaign with this unit:


Co. Rank Name Casualty? Details*
ACaptSeymour, George E        We have some details for this person


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1   US War Department, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (OR), 128 vols., Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1880-1901, Vol. 19/Part 1 (Ser #27) , Pg. 179  [AotW citation 136]