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Antietam Infantry Weapon

Model 1842 Percussion Musket

1842 Springfield


Manufacturer: US Arsenals

Where made: Springfield (MA), Harpers Ferry (VA)

Model: 1842

Year(s) made: 1844-55

1842 Springfield (reproduction)


The Model 1842 Springfield single-shot muzzleloader was the last smoothbore and last .69 caliber musket produced by Federal armories. About 250,000 were made during its production life.

It was still in wide use through most of the Civil War because of its close-range hitting power.

Employment at Sharpsburg

Many Infantry units of both sides were equipped with this .69 caliber, smoothbore musket.

Ammunition Used

.69 caliber ball, buck & ball (.69 cal ball + 3 buckshot)


Maximum: 300 yards; Effective: 100 yards


Overall: 58 inches; Barrel: 42 inches


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