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Federal Battery

2nd United States Artillery, Battery G

Organized: Plattsburg, NY; mustered in 21 March 1821


Commanding Officer on the Antietam Campaign:
  Lt. John H. Butler


  4   Napoleon


This Battery's Chain of Command:
  Army - Army of the Potomac
  Division - 1st Division, 4th Corps
  Brigade - 1st Division, 4th Corps Artillery

Unit history

[War service] G Battery reached Washington from Mackinac in May 1861, was made a light battery, and took part in the first Bull Run. In the Peninsular campaign it was attached to the 3d Corps and was in the battles of Glendale and Malvern Hill.1

On the Antietam Campaign

It went into Maryland with Couch's Division but was not actively engaged.1

Battlefield Tablet for this Unit

Tablet #76: Couch's Division, Fourth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 5 AM to 19 Sep, 9 AM

After the Antietam Campaign

After Antietam the battery was attached to the 6th Corps and was in the battle of Fredericksburg in December, and in the battles of Fredericksburg and Salem Church, May 3 and 4, 1863. It was in action on the Rappahannock, June 15. The battery reached Gettysburg with the 6th Corps, July 2, but was not actively engaged. After this battle it was made a horse battery and assigned to Tidball's Horse Artillery Brigade. Crossing the Potomac, it was actively employed with the cavalry in Virginia in the fall of 1863, being engaged near Culpeper, September 13, and near the same place November 8. In the latter action, Lieut. J. H. Butler, commanding the battery, received a wound, necessitating amputation of the leg. The battery was in action at Burnett's Ford, February 7, 1864, and at Cold Harbor, May 31 and June 1. In June the battery was dismounted and sent to Washington, having no more active service during the war.1

We have 2 individuals in the AotW database who were on the Maryland Campaign with this unit:


Co. Rank Name Casualty? Details*
--LtButler, John Hartwell        We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
--PvtCashel, Edward Francis        We have some details for this person


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1   Simpson, William Augustus (1st Lt., 2nd Arty.), and Theo F Rodenbough and William L. Haskin, eds., Second Regiment of Artillery, Historical Sketches Of Staff And Line, New York City: Maynard, Merrill, & Co., 1896, pp. 323-324  [AotW citation 17032]