site logo
Federal flag

Federal Regiment

4th New York Infantry

"First Scott Life Guard"
Organized: New York City, NY; mustered in 5/2/1861
Disbanded/Mustered out: New York Ciity, NY 5/25/1863

 

Commanding Officer at Antietam:
  LCol. John D. McGregor

 

This Regiment's Chain of Command:
  Army - Army of the Potomac
  Corps - Second (II) Army Corps
  Division - 3rd Division, II Corps
  Brigade - 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps


Unit history

The Fourth was one of the first units organized at the outset of the Civil War. Most of the men were recruited in New York City proper, except for Company E, from Brooklyn. The 4th were nicknamed the First Scott Life Guard in honor of hero-General Winfield Scott, and began their Federal service in early May 1861 for a term of two years.

The regiment was on rear-echelon duty at Newport News (Va - June and July 1861), around Baltimore (Md - to June 1862), and at Suffolk (Va - to September) before seeing their first action on the Maryland Campaign.

On the Antietam Campaign

The Fourth was at the left front of the Brigade as they first struck the strong Confederate position in the Sunken Road about 9am on 17 September.

Statistics

Initial Strength: 540; Killed in Action (KIA): 44; Wounded (WIA): 142; Missing in Action (MIA): 1;
Losses, % of Initial Strength: 34.6%

Maps Showing this Unit

Battlefield Tablets for this Unit

Tablet #35: Second Army Corps - 15 Sep, 7 AM to 15 Sep, 8 PM
Tablet #115: Second Army Corps - 15 Sep, 9 AM to 17 Sep, 7 AM
Tablet #40: French's Division, Second Army Corps - 17 Sep, 8 AM to 17 Sep, 2 PM
Tablet #121: Army of the Potomac - 17 Sep, 8 AM to 17 Sep, 6 PM
Tablet #116, cont: Second Army Corps - 17 Sep, 9 AM to 17 Sep, 12 PM
Tablet #43: Weber's Brigade, French's Division - 17 Sep, 9 AM to 17 Sep, 12 PM

After the Antietam Campaign

They were in combat again at Fredericksburg in December, and were present, though not engaged, at Chancellorsville in May 1863.

The troops mustered out and were honorably discharged May 25, 1863 at New York City at the end of their agreed-upon term of service.

References & Notes

Fundamental unit history from Phisterer1, with more at the NY State Military Museum.

We have 32 individuals in the AotW database for this unit:

 

Co. Rank Name Casualty? Details*
APvtByrne, John KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtCulver, Frederick WIA   09/17
BPvtBoyle, Edward WIA   09/17
BPvtBuckham, Henry KIA   09/17
BCorpBurtch, Nathaniel B.WIA   09/17
BPvtByrne, John WIA   09/17
BPvtCarroll, Michael WIA   09/17
BPvtCarroll, Owen WIA   09/17
BCaptDowns, John S.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtBarr, Charles WIA   09/17
CSgtBierling, Adolph KIA   09/17
CPvtBlumenshien, John MWIA   09/17
CLtChapman, Henry K.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CCorpWolfe, Henry KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtBarzer, John WIA   09/17
DPvtBecker, Nicholas WIA   09/17
DCaptKruger, Charles WilliamWIA   09/17
DPvtPrice, Parrot Died   00/00     We have some details for this person
EPvtBaker, Timothy WIA   09/17
EPvtFurlong, Patrick Died   10/01     We have some details for this person
FPvtBarker, William WIA   09/17
GPvtBecker, Charles WIA   09/17
GPvtCarpenter, Van Buren KIA   09/17
GPvtHoye, Patrick Died   11/05     We have some details for this person
IPvtBartlet, Gordon KIA   09/17
KPvtBoyd, Harrison D.WIA   09/17
KPvtHughes, Patrick WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
F&SLColMcGregor, John Dunn        We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
UnkPvtKidder, Ellis UsherDied   09/22     We have some details for this person
UnkSgtSmith, Joshua Died   00/00
UnkPvtWalby, Howard Died   00/00
UnkPvtWoods, William H.Died   12/22     We have some details for this person

 

* If there's a symbol in the Details column ...

We have a picture for this person - We have a picture for this person
We have further details for this person - We have details beyond name and rank
Click on their last name to see more

Notes

1   Phisterer, Frederick, New York in the War of the Rebellion, 6 volumes, Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1909-12, Vol. 2, pg. 1738  [AotW citation 824]