Commanding Officer on the Sharpsburg Campaign:
Capt. C. A. Davidson
This Battalion's Chain of Command:
Army - Army of Northern Virginia
Corps - Jackson's Command
Division - Jackson's Division
Brigade - Jones' Brigade
1st Infantry Battalion Regulars was organized in May 1861, with men from the city of Richmond and Hanover County. The unit contained five companies and was known as the Irish Battalion. It moved to western Virginia and participated in Lee's Cheat Mountain Campaign, then fought at First Kernstown, McDowell, and in Jackson's Valley Campaign.
The unit was then assigned to General J.R. Jones' Brigade and was involved in many conflicts of the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Day's Battles to Fredericksburg.
Later it was assigned to General Headquarters and in November 1864, Provost Guard. It lost twenty-five percent of the 187 engaged at First Manassas, had 3 wounded during the Seven Days' Battles and 3 killed and 19 wounded at Second Manassas. The unit surrendered 18 officers and 120 men.
On the Sharpsburg Campaign
They fought with the Brigade in the capture of Harpers Ferry on 14 and 15 September 1862, and in and near the West Woods at Sharpsburg on 17 September. The whole brigade numbered fewer than 200 men at the beginning of the fight at Sharpsburg.
Map Showing this Unit
Detail Map #1: Hookers First Corps Sweeps Down the Hagerstown Pike (5-7 am)
Battlefield Tablets for this Unit
Tablet #314: Jackson's Command - 15 Sep, 4 PM to 16 Sep, 10 PM
Tablet #381: Jackson's Division, Jackson's Command - 16 Sep, 4 PM to 16 Sep, 7 PM
Tablet #334: Jones' Brigade, Jackson's Division - 16 Sep, 6 PM to 17 Sep, 10 AM
Tablet #315: Jackson's Command - 17 Sep, 5 AM to 17 Sep, 10 AM
Tablet #382: Jackson's Division, Jackson's Command - 17 Sep, 5 AM to 17 Sep, 7 AM
Tablet #382, cont: Jackson's Division, Jackson's Command - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 9 AM
We have 4 individuals who were on the Maryland Campaign in the AotW database for this unit:
|A||Pvt||Donovan, Dennis||KIA 09/17|
|A||Pvt||O'Brien, James||MWIA 09/17|
|B||Pvt||Ramsey, George W.||MWIA 09/17|
|E||Capt||Davidson, Charles Andrew|
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1 US National Park Service, Department of the Interior, Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, Published c. 1999, first accessed 01 January 2000, <http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/index.html>, Source page: /search-battle-units-detail.htm?battleUnitCode=CVA0001BI01 [AotW citation 27786]
2 Gottfried, Bradley M. (editor), Brigades of Antietam: The Union and Confederate Brigades at the Battle of Antietam, Sharpsburg, MD: The Press of the Antietam Institute, 2021, pp. 343-344 [AotW citation 27787]