Commanding Officer on the Antietam Campaign:
Capt. Seth J. Simmonds
2 20-pdr. Parrott
3 10-pdr. Parrott
1 12-pdr. howitzer
iron tubed version, probably Confederate, captured in West Virginia;
possibly a 6 pounder smooth bore.
This Battery's Chain of Command:
Army - Army of the Potomac
Corps - Ninth Army Corps
Division - Kanawha Division, 9th Corps
Brigade - 2nd Brigade, Kanawha Division, 9th Corps
"This battery was organized as Company E of the 1st Ky. Infantry, at Camp Clay, Ohio, in 1861, and detached as artillery October 31, 1861, by the Secretary of War at the insistence of Gen. Rosecrans then commanding in Western Virginia. It was mustered into the United States service (as Company E, in the 1st Ky. Infantry), on the 3d day of June, 1861, by Maj. S. Burbank, 1st US Infantry. It was assigned to the Department of West Virginia, and participated in all the engagements of that department. It was originally commanded by Capt. Seth J. Simmonds until March, 1864, when Capt. Daniel W. Glassie assumed command and under him it veteranized at Charleston, W. Va."
(from KY adjutant-general's report)
1861. November it was at Kanawha Falls.
1862. December, January, February, March and April at Gauley Bridge.
1862. May, June, July at flat Top Mountains.
1862. August at Munson's Hill.
1862. September it was at South Mountain and Antietam, and received special and numerous mention in the reports of those battles.
1862. October at Suttonville, W. Va.
From November, 1862, to April, 1863, at Gauley Bridge;
in May and June at Camp White, Va.;
July and August at Gauley Bridge. From September, 1863, to January, 1864, at Camp Toland, Va.
February, March and April at Fayetteville, Va.
In May at Burgers Hall. June at Camp Piatt.
July at Harper's Ferry.
From August, 1864, to June, 1865, at Fort Fuller, Va., and other places in that section.
On the Antietam Campaign
The Battery was attached to to the Kanawha Division.
Initial Strength: 98;
Map Showing this Unit
Detail Map #7: Burnside Attacks the Lower Bridge (10 am-1 pm)
Battlefield Tablets for this Unit
Tablet #56: Ninth Army Corps - 15 Sep, 7 AM to 16 Sep, 3 PM
Tablet #59: Kanawha Division, Ninth Army Corps - 16 Sep, 6 PM to 17 Sep, 5 PM
Tablet #60: Crook's Brigade, Kanawha Division - 16 Sep, 6 PM to 17 Sep, 5 PM
Tablet #62: Willcox's Division, Ninth Army Corps - 16 Sep, 9 PM to 18 Sep, 6 PM
Tablet #122: Army of the Potomac - 17 Sep, 10 AM to 17 Sep, 6 PM
Tablet #99: Willcox's Division, Ninth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 2 PM to 18 Sep, 9 AM
Tablet #70, cont: Ninth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 3 PM to 17 Sep, 5 PM
Tablet #70: Ninth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 3 PM
Tablet #57: Ninth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 5 PM
References & Notes
Battery armament from Artillery Hell.1 The quote above and other details from Captain Thomas Speed's Union Regiments of Kentucky (1897); it is available online from the Hathi Trust.
We have 2 individuals in the AotW database who were on the Maryland Campaign with this unit:
|--||Lt||Erenburg, Arthur||WIA 09/17|
|--||Capt||Simmonds, Seth J.|
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1 Johnson, Curt, and Richard C. Anderson, Artillery Hell: Employment of Artillery at Antietam, College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1995, pp. 79-80 [AotW citation 23249]