3rd Arkansas Infantry
|Commanding Officer: |
Capt. John W. Reedy
|Battlefield Tablets for this Unit:|
Tablet #360: Walker's Division, Longstreet's Command - 15 Sep, 6 PM to 18 Sep, 9 PM
Tablet #367: Manning's Brigade, Walker's Division - 16 Sep, 3 PM to 17 Sep, 12 PM
Tablet #388: Manning's Brigade, Walker's Division - 17 Sep, 10 AM to 17 Sep, 11 AM
Tablet #374: Walker's Division, Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 5 AM to 17 Sep, 9 AM
This Regiment's Chain of Command:
Army - Army of Northern Virginia
Corps - Longstreet's Command
Division - Walker's Division
Brigade - Manning's Brigade
History of the Unit:
"Two organizational changes took place during 1862 that effected the makeup of the 3rd Arkansas Infantry. During January of 1862, five new companies of the Arkansas troops arrived in Virginia. These troops, known as the 2nd Battalion, Arkansas Infantry, were commanded by major Wm. N. Bronaugh. This Battalion saw much fighting during the Peninsula Campaign of 1862 and suffered very heavy casualties at the battles of Seven Pines (May 31-June 1), Beaver Dam Creek or Mechanicsville (June 26) and at Gaines' Mill on June 27. On July 18, 1862, the 133 survivors of the 2nd Battalion, Arkansas Infantry , were assigned to and amalgamated with the 3rd Arkansas Infantry Regiment.
The second organizational change took place in late September. At the battle of Sharpsburg Companies A and L of the 3rd Arkansas were decimated. On Septembers 25 the few survivors of Company L were transferred into Company A and Company L ceased to exist. Thus the regiment was reduced to ten companies, the normal complement for an infantry regiment."
"The Army of Northern Virginia was reorganized during November 1862. Among other organization changes, the reorganization involved both the promotion and reassignment of senior officers and the regiments of regiments within brigade. The goal of the War Department was to have regiments from the same states brigaded together. This was not possible in all cases, for instance the 3rd Arkansas Infantry was the only "Razorback" Regiment in Virginia. Fortunately, however, there were only three Texas Regiments under Lee's command as a perfect combination was worked out involving the two contiguous frontier states. During the organizational shuffle, Hood's Texas Brigade lost the infantry companies of Hampton's Legion to General Micah Jenkins' South Carolina Brigade, and the 18th Georgia Infantry regiment was reassigned to General T.R.R. Cobbs Georgia Brigade. The 3rd Arkansas was transferred into Hood's Texas Brigade, thus bringing the famous Brigade up to its full strength of four regiments. The Texans and Arkansans remained brigaded together until the final curtain at Appomattox. The Texans in Hood's Brigade generally referred to their Arkansas 'cousins' as 'the 3rd Texas'."
source : Hood's Texas Brigade: A Compendium, pages 251 and 252. (from The Texas Brigade site)
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