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Confederate Battalion

3rd South Carolina Infantry Battalion

"James' Battalion"
Organized: Columbia, SC; mustered in 2/6/1862
Disbanded/Mustered out: Greensboro, NC 4/26/1865

 

Commanding Officers at Sharpsburg:
  LCol. George S. James
  Maj. William G. W. Rice
  Capt. George M. Gunnels

 

This Battalion's Chain of Command:
  Army - Army of Northern Virginia
  Corps - Longstreet's Command
  Division - Jones' Division
  Brigade - Drayton's Brigade


Unit history

"Seven companies were assigned to the battalion. Companies A, B, C, and D were mustered into state service in late November and early December 1861 at Camp Hampton near Columbia. These four companies were composed predominantly of men from Laurens District, as was Company E mustered in in early January. By the end of January 1862, Company F (Harper Rifles), consisting of men from Lexington and Richland Districts, had enlisted. On February 6th, Company G (Aiken Guards), Fairfield District's contribution, was assigned, thus forming the battalion commanded by Lieutenant Colonel George Strother James."
(from Davis)

On the Sharpsburg Campaign

" ... the battalion would sustain its highest casualty rate of the entire war during the first Maryland Campaign at the battle of South Mountain (Fox's Gap) on September 14,1862 ... of about 250 men engaged, 132 casualties resulted from this bloody engagement. Lieutenant Colonel James was killed in action and Major Rice was severely wounded. The battalion was so disabled that that three days later its performance at Sharpsburg added little to its well-earned battle reputation overall."
(from Davis) Part of Drayton's Brigade, they were assigned positions above the Lower Antietam Bridge at the far right of the Confederate line, near Sharpsburg town on the 17th.

Maps Showing this Unit

Battlefield Tablets for this Unit

Tablet #303: Longstreet's Command - 14 Sep, 9 PM to 15 Sep, 12 PM
Tablet #322: Jones' Division, Longstreet's Command - 14 Sep, 9 PM to 16 Sep, 9 PM
Tablet #347: Drayton's Brigade, Jones' Division - 15 Sep, 11 AM to 17 Sep, 4 PM
Tablet #368: Jones' Division, Longstreet's Command - 15 Sep, 9 AM to 16 Sep, 9 PM
Tablet #369, cont: Jones' Division, Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 3 PM to 18 Sep, 9 PM
Tablet #321: Jones' Division, Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 6 AM to 17 Sep, 3 PM
Tablet #369: Jones' Division, Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 3 PM
Tablet #304: Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 3 PM

After the Sharpsburg Campaign

"On November 15, 1862 , the unit along with the 15th SC Regiment, was transferred to Kershaw's Brigade of which it would remain an integral part until the end of the war. The battalion participated in nearly all the battles of the Army of Northern Virginia, including Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. In September 1863 it was transferred to the Western Theatre and fought at Chickamauga and Knoxville. Returning to Virginia in the spring of 1864, engagements included the Wilderness, Spottsylvania Court House, North Anna River, Second Cold Harbor, Deep Bottom and the siege of Petersburg. Ordered to the Valley in mid-August, 1864, actions at Berryville, Strasburg, and Cedar Creek were added to its list of engagements. December found the battalion entrenched at Richmond until January 4 in the last year of the war when it was ordered south to oppose Sherman in his march through the Carolinas. Battles in North Carolina at Averasboro and Bentonville would be the last for the battalion." (from Davis)

References & Notes

Source: Clary, James B. and Sam B. Davis, History of the 3rd SC Battalion ( work in progress) - http://members.aol.com/GreySky285/3rdSCVbattalion.html (gone 5/2005)

We have 152 individuals in the AotW database for this unit:

 

Co. Rank Name Casualty? Details*
APvtCalhoun, James SmithKIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
APvtCalhoun, Thomas HarrisonPOW   09/14     We have some details for this person
APvtCalhoun, Jr., John WilliamKIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
APvtCannon, Capers BowmanWIA/POW   09/14     We have some details for this person
APvtClardy, Reuben StaceyWIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
APvtConnor, Leonidas DocitheusPOW   09/12     We have some details for this person
APvtCook, Henry H.WIA/POW   09/14     We have some details for this person
APvtElmore, Logan C.WIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
APvtFinley, James HenryWIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
APvtFooshe, James DudleyWIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
ACorpFooshe, John ColemanPOW   09/14     We have some details for this person
APvtGolding, Jr., John J.        We have some details for this person
APvtGriffin, Elihu WattsPOW   09/14     We have some details for this person
APvtHill, Barney F.POW   09/27     We have some details for this person
APvtHines, George W.POW   09/14     We have some details for this person
ASgtMoore, George W.WIA/POW   09/14     We have some details for this person
APvtNelson, John M.POW   09/14     We have some details for this person
APvtNichols, John HenryWIA/POW   09/14     We have some details for this person
APvtOwens, Elias N.KIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
APvtPuckett, Cason KeelsKIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
APvtPuckett, Samuel DavidPOW   09/14     We have some details for this person
APvtRampy, Joseph M.WIA/POW   09/14     We have some details for this person
APvtRamsey, James POW   09/14     We have some details for this person
ACaptTownsend, Joshua MiltonPOW   09/14     We have some details for this person
BPvtAustin, Issac G.WIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
BPvtAustin, L. SamuelKIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
BPvtColeman, Thomas J.MWIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
BPvtCrawford, John W.KIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
BSgtDavis, James W.MWIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
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BLtFuller, Adolphus AugustusWIA/POW   09/14     We have some details for this person
BPvtFuller, Edwin T.KIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
BSgtFuller, John CookMWIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
BPvtFuller, William BentonWIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
BPvtGriffin, Elihu ClaytonKIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
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BPvtHanvey, Wright JoshuaPOW   09/14     We have some details for this person
BPvtHitt, Henry LewisPOW   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtHollingsworth, Jr., Abraham KIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
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BPvtJones, James A.WIA/POW   09/14     We have some details for this person
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BPvtSmith, Maxwell KIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
BPvtSnow, Andrew JacksonWIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
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CSgtBaldwin, Salisbury B.        We have some details for this person
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CPvtBrooks, James P.POW   09/12     We have some details for this person
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F&SLColJames, George StrotherKIA   09/14     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
F&SSgtLigon, George AndersonPOW   09/14     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
F&SMajRice, William George WashingtonWIA   09/14     We have some details for this person

 

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