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Unit

Federal Detachment

Massachusetts Sharpshooters, First Company

"Andrew Sharpshooters"
Organized: Lynnfield, Mass.; mustered in 8/1861
Commanding Officer:
  Capt. John Saunders
Map Showing this Unit:
   Detail Map #5: Sedgwick is Flanked in the West Woods

Battlefield Tablets for this Unit:
   Tablet #35: Second Army Corps - 15 Sep, 7 AM to 15 Sep, 8 PM
   Tablet #115: Second Army Corps - 15 Sep, 9 AM to 17 Sep, 7 AM
   Tablet #120: Army of the Potomac - 17 Sep, 5 AM to 17 Sep, 12 PM
   Tablet #116: Second Army Corps - 17 Sep, 6 AM to 17 Sep, 10 AM
   Tablet #36: Sedgwick's Division, Second Army Corps - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 10 AM
   Tablet #37: Gorman's Brigade, Sedgwick's Division - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 10 AM

This Detachment's Chain of Command:
  Army - Army of the Potomac
  Corps - Second (II) Army Corps
  Division - 2nd Division, II Corps
  Brigade - 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps



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History of the Unit:
The company was first assigned to Gen. Lander's Brigade, which formed a part of Gen. Stone's force at Poolesville, Md. It remained on the upper Potomac under Gen. Lander until his death in March, 1862, then served for a time under Gen. Shields. During the siege of Yorktown in April, 1862, the company became attached to the 15th Mass. Regt. of Gorman's Brigade, Sedgwick's Division, Sumner's (2d) Corps. With this command the sharpshooters served through the Peninsular campaign, the Antietam campaign, and until the following spring.
(from Hands-on History)

In the Antietam Campaign:
This Company was attached to the 15th Massachusetts Infantry, and was with them in combat on the 17th - part of Gen Sedgewick's Division as it made its disasterous advance into the West Woods and was hit on three sides by the strong Confederate counterattack. Their Captain, John Saunders, was killed there.

References, Sources, and other Notes:
There's an excellent group photograph of members of the Company, probably from March of 1862. This copy from one hosted by Susan Harnwell on her encyclopedic 15th Massachusetts Infantry site. Another was sold in a collection of Captain John Saunders effects by The Horse Soldier Antiques in Gettysburg.

We have 38 individuals in the AotW database for this unit:

Co. Rank Name Casualty? Details*
--PvtAbbott, Samuel DwightMWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtAdams, John QuincyKIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtAmbrose, John BennettAWOL   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtAtwood, Otis WarrenAWOL   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtAyers, John H.POW   09/03     We have some details for this person
--PvtBarker, Samuel S.AWOL   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtBartlett, Alonzo W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--LtBerry, William KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--SgtBicknell, Luke EmersonWIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
--PvtBlodgett, William E.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtBrown, John HavenWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtBryant, Francis W.AWOL   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtCampbell, Samuel G.MIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtCole, Alvin WIA   09/00     We have some details for this person
--PvtCurtis, George WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtDike, Henry WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtFletcher, Asa WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtFuller, Sanford K.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtGray, Joseph WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtHills, Edwin T.MIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtHixon, Egbert OswaldAWOL   09/03     We have some details for this person
--PvtHolston, John C.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtIngalls, Joseph ShawKIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtLittlefield, David MellenWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtOrcutt, Joseph ConsiderAWOL   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtParmenter, Marcus MortonKIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtPray, Otis R.AWOL   09/17     We have some details for this person
--CaptSaunders, John KIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
--CorpShattuck, Oramel C.AWOL   09/14     We have some details for this person
--PvtSnow, Edwin A.POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtSnow, Warren KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtStrong, Martin V.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtVan Moll, Richard A.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtWheelock, Frederick EmersonWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtWhite, Frederick WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--CorpWhittemore, Jr., George KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtWilliams, Samuel WarrenWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtWood, Joseph LeanderWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person

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