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Unit

Federal Regiment

3rd Wisconsin Infantry

Organized: Fond du Lac, WI; mustered in July 1861
Disbanded/Mustered out: Madison, WI 7/24/1865
Commanding Officer:
  Col Thomas H Ruger
Statistics for Maryland Campaign
  Initial Strength: 340
  Killed in Action (KIA): 27
  Wounded (WIA): 173
  Losses, % of Initial Strength: 58.8%

Maps Showing this Unit:
   Detail Map #2: Hood's Division Retakes the Cornfield
   Detail Map #3: Mansfield's XII Corps Attacks Into the Cornfield
   Detail Map #4: Greene's High-Water Mark in the West Woods
   Detail Map #5: Sedgwick is Flanked in the West Woods

Battlefield Tablets for this Unit:
   Tablet #120: Army of the Potomac - 17 Sep, 5 AM to 17 Sep, 12 PM
   Tablet #54: Gordon's Brigade, Williams' Division - 17 Sep, 6 AM to 17 Sep, 10 AM
   Tablet #27: Twelfth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 6 AM to 17 Sep, 12 PM
   Tablet #28: Williams' Division, Twelfth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 6 AM to 17 Sep, 5 PM
   Tablet #55: Gordon's Brigade, Williams' Division - 17 Sep, 9 AM to 17 Sep, 10 AM

This Regiment's Chain of Command:
  Army - Army of the Potomac
  Corps - Twelfth (XII) Army Corps
  Division - 1st Division, XII Corps
  Brigade - 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XII Corps



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History of the Unit:
Formed in the initial Federal call for 75,000 volunteers, the 3rd's first Colonel was Charles S. Hamilton, with West Point graduate Thomas Ruger as Lieutenant Colonel. They first saw action 16 October 1861 in a skirmish at Bolivar Heights, Virginia. They were in Banks' Corps in the Valley Campaign in Spring 1862, and were in combat at Cedar Mountain in August, after which they became part of the XII Corps, Army of the Potomac.

In the Antietam Campaign:
The unit was posted just north of the Miller Cornfield at dawn on 17 September, and was hit by Hood's Division emerging from the corn at about 7:30 am. Colonel Ruger was slightly wounded there in leading the regiment, but remained in command and on the field.

" 'The Third Wisconsin was in a very exposed position,' wrote Lieutenant Bryant, 'and it's lines thinned rapidly. It stood on higher ground than the Confederates, the sky behind it, in good musket range and close line -- a good target.' "

A short time later, as Hood's attack receded, " General Hooker was seen galloping up, blood dripping from his boot. He ordered the Wisconsin men to fix bayonets and pursue. There are only 60 men left! Joining them was the Twenty-Seventh Indiana, which increased the number to about 150. 'With a whoop and hurrah, our regiment and the Twenty-Seventh Indiana started down through the cornfield,' [wrote Captain] Hinkley. 'General Hooker himself leading like a captain.' "

"At charge-bayonets, the two western units advanced across the cornfield. The flags of Indiana and Wisconsin flapped wildly in the breeze. The ground was strewn with the bodies of the Confederates. Towards the woods, at the edge of the cornfield, they marched. Suddenly a staff officer gallopped up and ordered the small attacking line of blue to halt and get out of the way. A division was advancing towards that position from the east. 'This was all that prevented us from assaulting a position with about a hundred and fifty men,' reported Hinkley, 'which a few minutes later Sedgwick's division, with five or six thousand, failed to carry.' "
(quoted from Wozny)

The remainder of the War:
The regiment was at Chancellorsville, Brandy Station, and Gettysburg. Near Christmas 1863, the entire regiment reenlisted for 3 more years' service, later seing action on General Sherman's Atlanta, Savannah, and Carolina Campaigns of 1864 - 5. They mustered out of Federal service at Louisville, KY, 18 July 1865, and returned to Madison, WI where they were disbanded.

References, Sources, and other Notes:
Source: Pass the Flag, an article about the 3rd Wisconsin at Antietam by Michael A. Wozny, and other excellent material posted online at the Third Wisconsin Veteran Volunteer reenactors' site, webmaster David Frohmader.

We have 182 individuals in the AotW database for this unit:

Co. Rank Name Casualty? Details*
APvtBecker, Hermann WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtBradley, John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtBragg, John AddisDied   09/26     We have some details for this person
ASgtBurns, William H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtDavids, Henry WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtDonovan, John F.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ASgtGlaser, Frederick MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtGodfrey, Isaac T.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtGorman, Patrick WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ACorpHagerman, Charles WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtHart, Hubbard LemuelWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ACorpKittleson, William O.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtMann, Arnold WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtMartch, William F.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ACorpMontaney, Henry WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtNettleton, Nathan B.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtPerkins, Charles WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtRicher, Reuben T.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtRollhagen, Carl WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtStabelfeldt, Ernst WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtStrohn, Daniel W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtTanner, George W.W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ACorpTuttle, Daniel A.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtWood, Henry WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ACorpWoodruff, Henry WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtBarker, George W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BSgtBlake, Colburn KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtCowling, George WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtDeschamps, Hilaire WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BCorpDibble, Cyrus WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BLtDick(s), William B.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtDurfee, John HenryWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtEvans, Griffith WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtHinman, David WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtHollister, Joseph R.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BCorpIsbell, Henry ClayWIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
BPvtLewis, James E.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtLogan, Richard K.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtMaglosky, Frederick KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtMason, William KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtMcMullen, John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtMeyer, Charles AWOL   09/10     We have some details for this person
BPvtMeyer, Frederick WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtPurath, August WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtPurath, Ernst WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtRansom, Seth N.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtRichmond, Tabor CaryWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtRobbins, Leonard WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtRobinson, William J.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BCorpSavage, James GuthrieWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BCaptStevenson, George W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtStroud, Milo S.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtTesch, Gustavus WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtWalsh, Frank WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BSgtWay, David M.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BMusWright, Jefferson WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtWright, Joseph WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtAllen, Oliver MaineWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtBetts, Adelbert AlonzoWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtBooth, William H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtBoyer, Joseph LybrandWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CSgtBrisbin, William LutherWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CSgtConroy, Thomas WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtCook, Ziba AldenWIA/POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
CCorpCoon, John DennisWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CCorpDiffenderfer, Charles F.WIA/POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
CSgtFoster, William H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtFrasher, John BathWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtFuller, Henry WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CCorpGay, George J.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtGreen, John M.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtHopkins, Melville WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtJohnson, William WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CCorpKimberly, William A.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CCorpLeonard, Jr., Benjamin FranklinWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtLovelace, Jefferson WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CSgtLoveland, Franklin WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CLtParks, Warham WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CSgtPierce, Josiah DwightWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtRichardson, George H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtSheffield, Seymour J.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CSgtThurlow, Albion         We have some details for this person
CPvtThurlow, Isaac KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtWitter, Eugene RobertWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DSgtClark, Dewitt C.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtCollins, Hiram WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DCorpCook, William H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtElmore, William WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtGee, Charles H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtGee, John W.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtLast, Ferdinand KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DSgtLindsley, Charles H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DSgtOliver, Robert L.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DCorpPage, Clinton W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtPreston, William H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtSmith, Samuel WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DSgtSnyder, Edwin R.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DCorpSpies, John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtTemple, Jonathan L.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtUllom, Silas WatersWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DSgtWilkes, Joseph WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtWood, Lorenzo D.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtZeigler, Adam WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtArms, Joseph H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtBergmann, Christian GottliebWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtBergmann, Ehrenfried KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ESgtBlanchard, Edmund LewisWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtBrocket, George G.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ESgtChubb, Charles WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtCorey, Warner JosephWIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
EPvtFrey, Frederick WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtGoensch, Martin WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtHaskins, Charles WesleyWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ESgtHinton, Philip C.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtHopf, George M.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ESgtJones, Augustine L.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ECorpKinyon, Wilson B.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtKlass, Henry W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtKollhammer, Jacob WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ECorpKrause, Henry WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtKrueger, Franz WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtKrueger, Karl WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtLaurisch, Johann C.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ESgtLueschen, John L.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtQualman, Henry WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtReschke, Frederick WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ELtSnow, William MortonWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtVan Norman, George W.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtWeber, George MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FSgtBartholomew, Samuel WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FCorpBashford, Frank W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtBeauprey, Leon WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FSgtBeebe, William HomerWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FSgtBrown, William C.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtBuchner, Herman TheodoreWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FSgtCostly, Francis M.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtDuncan, Thomas F.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtFulton, Robert WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtGeorge, Adam WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtHall, George H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtHarshbarger, John G.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FSgtHolmes, William H.S.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtKolb, John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtLyons, Frank W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtMurphy, James A.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FCorpNotton, Richard C.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtOleson, John KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FCorpSpooner, Albert WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtAllen, Richard KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GCorpBeebe, Chauncey S.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtBlake, William H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtBriggs, Hiram E.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GCorpFreeman, William W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtGriffin, John W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GSgtLee, Frank WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtLeonard, William T.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtMason, William H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GCorpMcCoy, Alexander WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtMcNary, Augustus WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtNeilson, Christian J.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtPhetteplace, Luther A.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtProuty, Jr., Ira N.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtRansom, Leonard WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtRobbins, Ervin WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GLtShepard, Joseph PrestonMWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GSgtTait, Henry C.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtTait, Henry H.Died   00/00     We have some details for this person
GPvtWillard, Van RensselaerWIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
HCorpAgnew, David WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HSgtAgnew, James P.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HSgtAgnew, John L.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HSgtBeers, Elon G.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HLtField, Chauncey WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtJohns, Joshua P.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtJones, Moses W.Died   00/00     We have some details for this person
HCaptWhitman, George J.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtFolts, Richard Died   09/19     We have some details for this person
ILtReed, Alexander N.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtWhite, Thomas A.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KCorpJohnson, Emmet J.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
F&SLtBryant, Edwin Eustace        We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
F&SColRuger, Thomas Howard        We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person

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