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Confederate Regiment

4th North Carolina Infantry

Organized: Camp Hill, NC; mustered in May 1861

 

Commanding Officers on the Sharpsburg Campaign:
  Col. Bryan Grimes
  Capt. E. A. Osborne
  Capt. W. T. Marsh
  Capt. D. P. Latham

 

This Regiment's Chain of Command:
  Army - Army of Northern Virginia
  Corps - Jackson's Command
  Division - D. H. Hill's Division
  Brigade - Anderson's (NC) Brigade


Unit history

Perhaps more properly known as the 4th Regiment North Carolina State Troops, they were organized at Camp Hill (near Garysburg), NC and mustered into Confederate Service in May 1861. Their first Commanding Officer was Colonel George B. Anderson, who was later their Brigade Commander at Sharpsburg. First duty at Manassas Junction, VA in July, and first combat at Yorktown, VA in March 1862. They fought at Williamsburg, Seven Pines (Fair Oaks), Mechanicsville, Cold Harbor, and South Mountain before Sharpsburg. Colonel Grimes took command of the regiment at Cold Harbor, VA.

On the Sharpsburg Campaign

They were part of General D.H. Hill's Division defending the center of the Confederate line in the Sunken Road until flanked and driven from the position by parts of the Federal Second Army Corps about midday on 17 September 1862.

In his after-action report, General DH Hill said of the Regiment:

Colonel Grimes was disabled, by the kick of a horse, from being with his regiment (Fourth north Carolina) at Sharpsburg, and unfit for duty for months afterward. The Fourth thus lost his valuable services. This gallant regiment, which has never been surpassed was commanded by the heroic Captain [William T.] Marsh, and, after his fall, by the equally heroic Captain [D. P.] Latham, who shared the same fate. All the officers of this noble regiment present at Sharpsburg were killed or wounded. Their names deserve to be preserved. Captain Marsh, Latham, and [E. A.] Osborne; Lieutenants [Jesse F.] Stansill, J. C. Cotton, [T. M.] Allen, Parker, [T. J.] Brown*, [F. H.] Weaver, Crawford*, and [B. T.] Bonner; Sergts. John Troutman and J. W. Shinn; Corpls. J. A. Cowan and H. H. Barnes, and Private J. D. Barton. J. B. Stinson, of same regiment, acting as courier to General Anderson, was wounded in three places at Sharpsburg, and there, as on every other battle-field, behaved most nobly.
* These men had transferred out of the 4th Infantry to accept commissions as Lieutenant and Captain, respectively, in the 42nd NC Infantry in March 1862, and were probably not at Sharpsburg.

Statistics

Initial Strength: not known; Killed in Action (KIA): 6; Wounded (WIA): 40;

Maps Showing this Unit

Battlefield Tablets for this Unit

Tablet #384: D. H. Hill's Division, Jackson's Command - 14 Sep, 10 PM to 16 Sep, 9 PM
Tablet #332: D. H. Hill's Division, Jackson's Command - 14 Sep, 10 PM to 16 Sep, 9 PM
Tablet #303: Longstreet's Command - 14 Sep, 9 PM to 15 Sep, 12 PM
Tablet #325: Anderson's Brigade, D. H. Hill's Division - 15 Sep, 9 PM to 17 Sep, 8 AM
Tablet #336: Anderson's Brigade, D. H. Hill's Division - 16 Sep, 9 PM to 17 Sep, 4 PM
Tablet #333: D. H. Hill's Division, Jackson's Command - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 1 PM
Tablet #304: Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 3 PM
Tablet #385: D. H. Hill's Division, Jackson's Command - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 5 PM

After the Sharpsburg Campaign

Chancellorsville: Another Confederate unit refused to charge enemy breastworks to their front and, instead, lay behind cover. The 4th charged over this unit and captured the works, holding them against several counter attacks. General Ramseur commanded and he and the brigade were commended in writing by the wounded General "Stonewall" Jackson. The next day, the 4th made a ferocious assault upon the enemy's strongpoint in view of Generals Stuart and Rodes and once again were victorious in carrying the field.

Gettysburg: Accompanying the 2nd N.C. regiment, the 4th regiment were the first troops to enter the town of Gettysburg on July 1st. During Lee's retreat from Gettysburg, the 4th held the honored position of rearguard during the entire movement.

Spottsylvania: The 4th was engaged every day of the conflict and occupied a position just to the left of the "Bloody Angle." Here they fought the enemy to a standstill in the rain from 5:30 in the morning to 2:00 the next morning.

Monocacy: General Lew Wallace's forces were driven by the 4th from Frederick to Washington. After threatening Ft. Stevens, the 4th retired south.

Retreat to Appomattox: After clearing the road to Lynchburg, General Grimes was ordered by General Gordon to retire. Confused over the order, Gen. Grimes refused to leave. He held the men in place, defying orders, until General Lee himself ordered the withdrawal. During this movement, the enemy tried to overwhelm the brigade. Yet, the brigade faced about and poured a deadly volley into the enemy thus driving them off. It was the last volley fired at Appomattox and the last ever fired by the Army of Northern Virginia.

Unit history notes from the 4th NC (Reenactors) website.

We have 100 individuals who were on the Maryland Campaign in the AotW database for this unit:

 

Co. Rank Name Casualty? Details*
APvtAnglin, John SewellWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ASgtCowan, James PinkneyPOW   09/12     We have some details for this person
APvtHarris, Charles S.POW   09/15     We have some details for this person
APvtKiser, David MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ACorpMurdock, Carmi D.WIA/POW   09/14     We have some details for this person
APvtMurdock, John FranklinWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtOsborne, Richard M.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ACorpRumple, Elias C.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
AMusSteele, James Columbus        We have some details for this person
APvtStinson, James B.WIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
APvtSummers, William R.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtAlexander, John L.WIA/POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtBarber, Robert J. M.POW   09/12     We have some details for this person
BPvtBeaver, William AllisonPOW   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtBurke, James PinkneyWIA/POW   09/14     We have some details for this person
BCorpCowan, Isaac Abner        We have some details for this person
BPvtKiestler, John WilsonWIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
BPvtPlummer, William FrankPOW   09/12     We have some details for this person
BPvtSafret, Jr., Peter AndersonWIA/POW   09/14     We have some details for this person
BLtShinn, James W.        We have some details for this person
BLtStansill, Jesse F.WIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
CPvtCampbell, James P.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtFeimster, John ArthurPOW   09/15     We have some details for this person
CPvtHarbin, James FordWIA/POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtHolshouser, Milas MonroePOW   09/15     We have some details for this person
CSgtKennedy, Augustus Madison DanielPOW   09/15     We have some details for this person
CPvtLollar, Henry Lewis S.POW   09/15     We have some details for this person
CPvtRaymer, Jacob Nathaniel        We have some details for this person
CPvtRobb, Jacob T.KIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
CPvtSharpe, Constantine SobreshiWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtShuford, Francis AlexanderPOW   09/12     We have some details for this person
CSgtStephenson, Thomas W.        We have some details for this person
CSgtTroutman, John J.        We have some details for this person
CPvtTurner, Alfred POW   09/15     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
CPvtTurner, Henry H.POW   09/15     We have some details for this person
CPvtTurner, John C.POW   09/15     We have some details for this person
DSgtBest, Robert A.POW   09/15     We have some details for this person
DLtCotton, James CiceroKIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtEllis, Jesse JamesWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtJoyner, Robert W.KIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
DPvtMay, James R.POW   09/12     We have some details for this person
ELtAllen, Thomas M.WIA/POW   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
ECaptLatham, Daniel P.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtLeggett, Redding LouisPOW   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtMerry, William J.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtNobles, Baker E.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtWhitley, Stephen B.POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
ESgtWilliamson, Major FranklinWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FCorpBarnes, Hardy H.        We have some details for this person
FPvtDavis, Joseph POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtFlora, Elvin POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtJackson, Doctor G.POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtLancaster, William E.POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtMarshbourne, Samuel DanielMWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FLtParker, Samuel Y.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtRowe, Joseph W.KIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
GLtBrown, Rufus D.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtCharles, John NewtonPOW   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtHanes, William PresleyWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HCorpBall, Thomas MorrisWIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
HPvtDillon, William JasperPOW   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtDobson, James POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtEdwards, Thomas WileyPOW   09/15     We have some details for this person
HPvtForcum, Thomas AlfonsoPOW   09/14     We have some details for this person
HPvtGraham, John Stark PerryPOW   09/17     We have some details for this person
HCaptOsborne, Edwin Augustus YoungWIA/POW   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
HPvtRhyne, Robert NoahWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtRieves, Henry CornetPOW   09/15     We have some details for this person
HPvtSpeece, John William MarshallWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtStockton, John B.POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
HLtWeaver, Franklin HarrisonKIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
HPvtWooten, Festus FranklinPOW   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtAsprey, William S.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ILtBonner, Henry WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtDaniels, Edward JamesPOW   09/15     We have some details for this person
IPvtDaw, George W.POW   09/15     We have some details for this person
ICaptMarsh, William ThomasMWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ICorpPeed, Bryan D.POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
ICorpRoss, Benjamin BurtonPOW   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtCarter, Edward F. M.POW   09/15     We have some details for this person
KPvtCasper, Ambrose POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtColley, Leroy C.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtEddleman, Jeremiah AllisonPOW   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtEller, Nelson AlexanderPOW   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtGlover, William HenryMWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtHeilig, Philip A.POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtHolshouser, Otho POW   09/15     We have some details for this person
KPvtMauldin, James MWIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
KPvtMcDaniel, Julius A.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtMcQueen, Daniel NeilWIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
KPvtMiller, Alfred M.MWIA   09/14     We have some details for this person
KPvtMiller, Calvin L.POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtO'Neil, Isaac PatrickPOW   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtPage, William H.POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtParker, William POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtPeeler, William Daniel CrawfordPOW   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtSevers, Henry ClontzPOW   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
KPvtSnuggs, George D.POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
F&SCaptGrimes, John Gray BlountPOW   09/15     We have some details for this person
F&SColGrimes, Jr., Bryan         We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person

 

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